Self Defence Weapons in the UK

If you live in the UK, you are breaking the law if you carry ANY weapon, legal or not, for the sole purpose of self defense. The UK’s laws are extremely strict and just about anything can, in the right circumstances and in the eyes of the law, be considered an illegal weapon!
Knives
In the UK, you may not carry a knife (even if it’s at the bottom of your handbag). By using a knife in any type of threatening way, then that knife instantly becomes an offensive weapon in the eyes of the law. You could face two years in prison or a £5000.00 fine.
Guns
In the UK, gun licencing laws are as follows;-
1. You will need a to obtain a UK Fire Arms Certificate [ FAC ] to legally own certain guns in the UK. There are very strict procedures and restrictions that must be adhered to in order to own certain firearms.
2. If you are aged between 14 years of age and 17 years of age, you are permitted use an air-gun rifle or pistol (as opposed to a firearm that propels actual bullets) at a recognised air-gun club or within the confines of your own land or on private property however you must have the landowner’s permission.
3. Anyone who is over 17 years of age can legally buy air-guns and the air-gun pellets as long as the air-gun is under the UK legal maximum muzzle velocity limit of 12ft.lbs for a rifle and muzzle energy for rifles and 6ft.lbs for pistols.
4. Any air-gun that is over that limit will need a UK Fire Arms Certificate as they are considered high velocity. The Fire Arms Certificate must be obtained before they can be owned.
Pepper Spray
In the UK, it is illegal to carry Pepper Spray as it contains a noxious liquid and is considered an offensive weapon. There are very specific laws that are in section 5(1)(b) of the Firearms Act 1968. This means that ANY weapon that can be used to spray or discharge any noxious liquid, gas or other substance is illegal. However, there are a few alternatives out there that can be used for your own defense if required. They do not contain any noxious liquid and they do comply with the UK law.
In the UK, a person is allowed to carry a product that is not designed as a self defense weapon however you are allowed to carry a product that can help you in a situation where you need to have time to make an escape quickly. These products use a principle of a spray that is discharged from a small canister and can be very effective in giving you vital time to escape from an attacker. There are products available that are 100% UK Law compliant and are perfect for anyone who wants extra protection. When you press the top of the spray, you release red gel onto the attackers face or clothing and this will give you vital seconds to escape. The red gel will dye the attackers face and clothes for up to SEVEN days no matter how hard they try to wash it off. The red gel itself is safe for use on the eyes and will leave no lasting or permanent damage to the attacker’s eyes however it should only be used in an emergency.
Loud Self Defense and Attack Alarms
Personal alarms are designed to produce ear piercing high decibel sounds to scare off any attacker. They are designed to get you noticed. There are many different designs, small and compact and they can be carried around your neck, on a chain or key ring or in your pocket.
These personal alarms are your voice in an attack when you are unable to shout for help. They will also stun or frighten your attacker and hopefully he or she will be the one running from you. They will definitely break that silence, shocking them and anyone else who happens to be in the vicinity.
Using a Torch for Self Defense
You may not have thought about using a torch for self defense however it is completely legal to carry a torch and as long as you do not carry it with the intent of using it for self defense then you will encounter no problems in the UK. You would only use it as a last resort if you were to be attacked. However, torches can be an excellent weapon of choice if you choose the right one.
When choosing a torch, look for one that has a high powered LED light as the beam is very powerful and if an attacker advanced, then shining it in his or her eyes would temporarily blind them making them see white spots in their eyes. You would be able to make a retreat even before they managed to touch you. Look for a torch that includes a strobe light as this can also be very effective and cause disorientation. The last requirement when choosing your torch would be what it was made from. Choose a metal one as this is the best for striking an attacker (in the face/eye or nose) and will cause the most damage should you need to defend yourself.
In the UK, always be aware that carrying an offensive weapon is an illegal act, liable to get you a prison sentence or a hefty fine but as long as you follow the law and do not adapt anything to be a weapon, only using what you have on you in an emergency, then you will be on the right side of the law.
Next time we will be looking at the different sorts of self defense classes that you could take.

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